This account of the conflict comes from Knytlinga Saga: The History of the Kings of Denmark, an anonymous chronicle that may have been. (The Saga of the Knýtlingar, i. e. descendents of Knútr). probably late s. Iceland. Old Norse. An Icelandic compilation about Danish kings. The author cannot. Knytlinga Saga has 2 ratings and 0 reviews: Published by Odense University Press (Denmark), pages, Hardcover.
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Notes in red with Sava monarchs names bolded to provide an easier chronology. He was a strong ruler, and a great leader in war, having conquered Holstein in Saxony. He also possessed an extensive earldom in Wendlandwhere he founded Jomsburg and stationed a large military force to which he gave both pay and certain rights.
They governed the land under his authority and spent the summer on viking expeditions, but wintered quietly at home. They were known as the Jomsvikings. Her previous marriage had been to King Eirik the Victorious of Sweden. Knytlnga other words, she may well have been a Wendish princess but her name may have been Gunnhild — note that, after the death of Dobrawa, Mieszko I remarried — taking as wife the German princess Oda so a German name would not have been surprising in his family.
He plundered widely both to the east in the Baltic and south in Saxony. Eventually he led his troops west into England and plundered far and wide, fighting many battles. Then he found himself in this forest, so dense that though he tried all night, he could discover no way out until daylight came.
Knytlinga Saga: History Of The Kings Of Denmark
Then knttlinga some open ground before him he saw a full-grown youngster herding a flock of sheep. The earl approached him knytling asked his name.
Many great men from England, Denmark, Sweden and east from Russia are descended from them, including the royal house of Denmark. They conquered the whole kingdom and King Knut appointed his nephew Hakon to rule over Norway, while he himself went back to Denmark. King Olaf fled abroad, traveling east to Russia but two years later he came back to Norway and fought a great battle at Stiklestad against his landed men, who had proved disloyal to knyrlinga and had set up in opposition.
That same autumn the Danes made Svein Ulfsson their king, after which he laid the whole country under his rule and became king of it.
Knut’s Invasion of England in 1015-16, according to the Knytlinga Saga
King Magnus learned of this and in the following spring sailed for Denmark with a great army. He fought a battle that summer at Jomsburg in Wendland and won the victory, burning down the stronghold and many other settlements across the land.
In the autumn King Magnus fought another battle on the day before Michaelmas at the Konge River a little to the north knutlinga Hedeby on Lyrskov Heath, where he was fighting against the Wends.
King Magnus won the victory there aided by the sanctity and miraculous intervention of his father Olaf, an innumerable host of the heathen. According to some Svein Ulfsson fought beside King Magnus in that battle as their agreement still held. This is what Thorleik the Fair said in the poem he wrote about Svein Ulfson: Svein and Harald joined forces and gathered an army, then crossed to Denmark where they ravaged the whole land and laid it completely under their rule.
After Knut came to power he defended the land fiercely and drove all the heathen not only from his land but from the very seas: He had knyhlinga ships and sailed for Wendland where he began looting as soon as he reached land.
Knýtlinga saga – Wikipedia
The Wends gathered a huge army with which they confronted Egil and fought a great battle with heavy loss of life on both sides. Brave and resolute, Egil stood forward and fought like a true warrior. When the battle was fiercest and none could really tell which way it would swing, Egil leapt from his ship onto the Wendish vessel, struck at the enemy chieftain dealing him his deathblow, and then vaulted backwards onto his own ship.
The Wends were routed sand Egil won a great victory and a great deal of plunder, but he was so exhausted he was barely conscious. Then, aboard his ship, he sat up and asked for a drink.
But there was a reason why he failed to turn up at he appointed time: The week passed and the messengers failed to return.
The Old Norse World
In the need they decided to send messengers to the king sand asked his brother Olaf to undertake this mission, but he was reluctant and said tha the king would wish to come and go as it suited him.
Olaf goes reluctantly and gets imprisoned by his brother the king. Eventually the king arrives but the Danes had already disbanded leaving the Norwegians the only ones there kjytlinga.
He sailed back to Zealand]. Their reason for having troops offshore was that they thought he was not to be trusted, and had heard he meant to lead the huge army he had mustered against Wendland.
They had wanted to be ready to defend their country should it be attacked, but now they sent fine gifts and friendly words to Knut, who was delighted with the news. He sailed on viking expeditions to the Knjtlinga fighting against the heathen, but allowed all Kntylinga and merchants to go in peace wherever they might wish.
For this reason he was renowned and popular throughout the Baltic and everyone of importance knew his name. He journeyed all the way east to Russiavisiting the homes of chieftains and other great men all of whom welcomed him with kjytlinga and respectand he received fine gifts from powerful leaders. East in Russia the virtuous adviser visisted land-guardians lavish to their lord, hating meanness. Praised for his peacefulness by the people, he won their hearts in the eastlands, all knyflinga honoured his excellence.
Earl Eirik got ready to leave Russia early in spring and as soon as the ice broke he launched his ships, sparing no expense in the preparations. Early sga summer he sailed home from the east to his lands in Denmark. In the words of Markus:. The waster of the Wends furnished well his splendid ships, sailed in summer from Russiaheaved them into the hollow wave, held out agains the onytlinga, he, the bane of traitor, bold, beached his vessel in Denmark.
He was a fair judge and observed the laws of God strictly, as Markus says:. King Eirik was a man of intelligence, a kyntlinga scholar and fluent in many languages, knytlunga eloquent speaker with a remarkable memory, as Markus says:. Wealthy, warm-hearted, unblemished the warrior, mighty in memory and matters of the mind: When he heard that kIng Eirik had gone abroad, he gathered a large army from his empire and led it kyntlinga Wendland where he plundered the province long ruled by the Kings of Denmark.
He conquered the entire province and all the inhabitants granted him their allegiance. At that time the whole population of Wendland was heathen. Being an emperor was a bit of a balancing act — comfortable footwear helped. The Wends wanted their way, that wickedness hurt them: At one of the assemblies at which he spoke he had this to say.
Now Iwant all my men to knttlinga that we shall either force back the aggressor or die ourselves. King Eirik was told that they sava assembled there and that the Wends meant to prevent him from entering his province.
At that, he xaga ready for battle, put his troops ashore and formed up his large, well-equipped army. His troops were drawn up in a wedge-shaped column so that the van functioned was a pointed breastplate, with a wall of shields protecting it at the sides. The bestower of gifts surrounded his soldiers with shields overlapping: He was towards the forefront of the column, helmed and wearing a coat of mail, fighting heroically, in the words of Markus:. The battle built round him and the bearers of the standard: The host of the heathen held there forts: Soaked in blood that sprayed over the knytlings.
King Eirik seized a great deal of money as war booty but would take none of it for himself, and divided it all amongst his troops. He had settlements all over the country burnt to the ground, lnytlinga though the heathen fled away in knytlunga, many were subjected to severe punishment, particularly those who had broken their allegiance to King Eirik, as Markus says:.
The hearts of the heathen were heavy in Wendish homelands: These men sought urgently to meet King Eirik, who imposed heavy fines on them. Upraised was King Eirik; they ran. Then the king went to his ships and sailed victoriously back to Denmark from Wendland, calling in first at Oeland, as Markus says:. He set his ships against the surf-beaten shore, the rain-swept strand he surrounded with ranged spear-points and shields, he plundered their shores, isolated the Isle-Danes with war-crimsoned arms.
At an early age he appeared both handsome and talented. When she arrived in Denmark, the duke welcomed her warmly ,as did everyone else, and celebrated their wedding in grand style. They had a number of children, who will be mentioned later.
Magnus always had a large following with him and spent most of his time at the court of his father King Nikulas, but sometimes each of them stayed at his own place.
He knytlinnga a strong man and matured altogether early: He was born seven days after the death of his father the holy Lord Knut. At an early age he was big and jnytlinga, and better than others at most things. King Harald refers to Mstislav I knttlinga Kiev — see below]. He was a strong ruler, and punished severely all those with whom he thought he had a knytlingx to settle: Mstislav is referred to as Harald after his grandfather.
They all thought they stood close to the throne, but the nobles failed to agree, some wanting to give their support and others speaking against it, as always happens when people are at odds over something. He was eight years old when his uncle Eirik the Unforgotten was killed. But because he was so young, it was agreed wiuththe consent of his mother and various friends that Eirik the Lamb should be made king. Sagw was to take charge of the kingdom and look after it until Valdimar was old enough to take over.
After the abdication of Eric III Lamb in a civil war knjtlinga with multiple claimants to the throne and Valdimar emerged victorious. On that Crusade the Emperor Konrad died. Men came from Germany too, wishing to fight against the infidel for the sake of God. King Knut was in Hedeby at the time, and when he heard about King Svein he gathered forces in Jutland. Rostock, in the land of the Obodrites, though was just a port of landing as it was too far West for any Pomeranian claims].
They agreed to do so, and built a large stronghold by the River Mildin which they called Mildinborg. He had a fleet, and had his ships portaged from Slette to Hollingsted in Friesland. A great battle had to be fought there before he was able to sata Mildinborg, with slaughter on such a scale that men walked across the River Milden on human bodies without wetting their feet. This peace-meeting was held at Viborg. He also gave Valdimar a third of his possessions, for the sake of friendship and harmony.
Richeza was first married to Magnus the Strong knytljnga gave birth to Lnytlinga V. Thereafter, Richiza apparently returned to Poland seemingly leaving her sons in Denmark. She again returned to Poland in leaving the sons behind but taking the daughter.